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The C4T project addresses the complex problem of carbon abatement in chemical technologies by focusing on four fundamental aspects. C4T is comprised of the following four collaborative Interdisciplinary Research Programmes:

IRP1: MUSCAT: Multi-Scale Studies of Catalytic and Adsorption Technologies

IRP2: EMSET: Electrochemical Multi-scale Science, Engineering and Technology

IRP3: CAPRICORN: Carbon Abatement in the Petroleum Refining Industry: A Control and Optimisation Research Network

IRP4: ICESO: Integrated Chemicals and Electrical Systems Operation


Individually, the IRPs are formulated to push the boundaries of low-carbon chemical technology research by:

  • using holistic approaches to reactor design to produce fewer undesirable by-products and maximise exergetic efficiency and selectivity of processes,
  • developing high-selectivity and high-sensitivity electroanalytical techniques to fill gaps in the current understanding of electrolytic reactions,
  • optimising and controlling refinery process operations linked with dynamic energy to help develop a sustainable low-carbon engineering roadmap,
  • undertaking an integrated chemical-electrical system design to understand the impact of the electrical grid on stability, emissions and product quality in a chemical plant.


Each IRP is led by at least one Cambridge PI along with PIs from Nanyang Technical University and the National University of Singapore.