Markus was in Japan to attend the 9th Applied Energy Symposium to present his PhD research.


My PhD research focused on demonstrating the capabilities of dynamic knowledge graphs to analyse and model the behaviour of complex systems, such as those found in modern urban ecosystems. As our cities become increasingly smarter, digital twins are emerging to address various challenges; however, they often remain isolated. Under the umbrella of the World Avatar project, we explored how to overcome such silos and create genuinely interoperable digital ecosystems of data and knowledge.

The Cambridge CARES studentship provided me with the invaluable opportunity to collaborate with people from around the world—from fellow researchers in the UK and industrial partners in Germany to my daily interactions with colleagues at CARES and other CREATE entities.

My studies greatly benefited from the interdisciplinary environment at CARES, resulting in multiple publications. Additionally, I have formed lasting friendships with many of my colleagues.

Markus contributed to our recent CARES photoshoot in 2023.


Although I wouldn’t describe myself as a city person, living in Singapore has been an incredible experience. The city-state’s blend of bustling urban life, green spaces, and modern architecture has been captivating. Even after 2.5 years, there are still areas left to explore. Not to forget Singapore is a strategic location and hub for exploring Southeast Asia, which allowed trips to Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, and more.

After graduating, I will remain in Singapore and stay at CARES for a short period before returning to consulting where I will focus on digital and sustainability topics in the energy sector.

I would like to extend my gratitude to the Cambridge Trust, the National Research Foundation of Singapore, and CMCL Innovations for co-funding my PhD studies. Additionally, the generous travel allowance from the Cambridge-CARES studentship enabled me to present my work at international conferences.




Markus Hofmeister’s PhD was supported by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore, under its Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) programme. The Cambridge-CARES Studentship Scheme is not currently active, but please get in touch with us at if you have any questions.

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