Prof Markus KRAFT

Principal Investigator

Professor Markus Kraft is a Fellow of Churchill College Cambridge and Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology. Professor Kraft obtained the academic degree 'Diplom Technomathematiker' at the University of Kaiserslautern in 1992 and completed his Doctor rerum naturalium in Chemistry in 1997. Subsequently, he worked at the University of Karlsruhe and the Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics in Berlin. In 1999 he became a lecturer in the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Cambridge.

Prof Kraft moved from Cambridge to Singapore in 2013 to take up the position of CARES Director where he is currently a PI on the C4T programme and PIPS Digital Factory. He released a book called "Intelligent Decarbonisation" co-written with Dr Oliver Inderwildi, a compendium outlining how AI can deliver environmental benefit with minimal cyber-physical risks. Prof Kraft is also the Director of CMCL Innovations, a technology-intensive company, where he is involved in the development of software for the automotive and chemical industry, the design of carbon-neutral fuels and techno-economic assessment of advanced low emission technologies in general.

Read: A Tsunami of Innovations is Ahead of Us
Read: Prof Markus Kraft at the Tsinghua-Princeton-CI Summer School on Combustion
Watch: Prof Kraft presents "Intelligent Decarbonisation" at the 2021 CREATE Webinar with the contributing authors as panellists.
Read: The release of "Intelligent Decarbonisation"
Listen: Prof Kraft appears as a guest on the CNA podcast "The Climate Conversations"
Read: J-Park Simulator features in Blockchain article in Chemistry World
Read: CARES Director speaking at World Economic Forum in Davos

Singapore - CARES


C4T extended projects

Research Interest

Computational modelling and optimisation targeted towards developing carbon abatement and emissions reduction technologies for the automotive, power and chemical industries. Click to read more about the CoMo group.

Together with his research team he has also contributed significantly towards the detailed modelling of combustion synthesis of organic and inorganic nanoparticles and worked on spray drying and granulation of fine powders.

Key Publications

Google Scholar Link

Martin, Jacob W., Maurin Salamanca, and Markus Kraft. 2022. ‘Soot Inception: Carbonaceous Nanoparticle Formation in Flames’. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 88 (January): 100956.

Botero, Maria L., Jethro Akroyd, Dongping Chen, Markus Kraft, and John R. Agudelo. 2021. ‘On the Thermophoretic Sampling and TEM-Based Characterisation of Soot Particles in Flames’. Carbon 171 (January): 711–22.

Chadzynski, Arkadiusz, Nenad Krdzavac, Feroz Farazi, Mei Qi Lim, Shiying Li, Ayda Grisiute, Pieter Herthogs, Aurel von Richthofen, Stephen Cairns, and Markus Kraft. 2021. ‘Semantic 3D City Database — An Enabler for a Dynamic Geospatial Knowledge Graph’. Energy and AI 6 (December): 100106.

Lu, Yan, Haojing Wang, Pengfei Yu, Yifei Yuan, Reza Shahbazian-Yassar, Yuan Sheng, Shuyang Wu, et al. 2020. ‘Isolated Ni Single Atoms in Nitrogen Doped Ultrathin Porous Carbon Templated from Porous G-C3N4 for High-Performance CO2 Reduction’. Nano Energy 77 (November): 105158.

Inderwildi, Oliver, Chuan Zhang, Xiaonan Wang, and Markus Kraft. 2020. ‘The Impact of Intelligent Cyber-Physical Systems on the Decarbonization of Energy’. Energy Environ. Sci. 13 (3): 744–771.

Pascazio, Laura, Jacob W. Martin, Kimberly Bowal, Jethro Akroyd, and Markus Kraft. 2020. ‘Exploring the Internal Structure of Soot Particles Using Nanoindentation: A Reactive Molecular Dynamics Study’. Combustion and Flame 219 (September): 45–56.

Kan, Xiang, Xiaoping Chen, Ye Shen, Alexei Lapkin, Markus Kraft, and Chi-Hwa Wang. 2019. ‘Box-Behnken Design Based CO2 Co-Gasification of Horticultural Waste and Sewage Sludge with Addition of Ash from Waste as Catalyst’. Applied Energy 242 (May): 1549–61.

Menon, Angiras, Nenad B Krdzavac, and Markus Kraft. 2019. ‘From Database to Knowledge Graph — Using Data in Chemistry’. Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering 26 (December): 33–37.

Martin, Jacob W., Carla de Tomas, Irene Suarez-Martinez, Markus Kraft, and Nigel A. Marks. 2019. ‘Topology of Disordered 3D Graphene Networks’. Physical Review Letters 123 (11): 116105.

Eibeck, Andreas, Mei Qi Lim, and Markus Kraft. 2019. ‘J-Park Simulator: An Ontology-Based Platform for Cross-Domain Scenarios in Process Industry’. Computers & Chemical Engineering 131 (December): 106586.

Manuputty, Manoel Y., Jochen A. H. Dreyer, Yuan Sheng, Eric J. Bringley, Maria L. Botero, Jethro Akroyd, and Markus Kraft. 2019. ‘Polymorphism of Nanocrystalline TiO 2 Prepared in a Stagnation Flame: Formation of the TiO 2 -II Phase’. Chemical Science 10 (5): 1342–50.

Yin, Shengming, Wenguang Tu, Yuan Sheng, Yonghua Du, Markus Kraft, Armando Borgna, and Rong Xu. 2018. ‘A Highly Efficient Oxygen Evolution Catalyst Consisting of Interconnected Nickel-Iron-Layered Double Hydroxide and Carbon Nanodomains’. Advanced Materials 30 (5): 1705106.

Garud, Sushant S., Iftekhar A. Karimi, and Markus Kraft. 2017. ‘Design of Computer Experiments: A Review’. Computers and Chemical Engineering 106 (November): 71–95.

Xu, You, Wenguang Tu, Bowei Zhang, Shengmin Yin, Yizhong Huang, Markus Kraft, and Rong Xu. 2017. ‘Nickel Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Few-Layer Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Derived from Metal–Organic Frameworks as Efficient Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for Overall Water Splitting’. Advanced Materials, 1605957.

Sikorski, Janusz, Joy Haughton, and Markus Kraft. 2017. ‘Blockchain Technology in the Chemical Industry: Machine-to-Machine Electricity Market’. Applied Energy 195: 234–46.

Xu, You, Markus Kraft, and Rong Xu. 2016. ‘Metal-Free Carbonaceous Electrocatalysts and Photocatalysts for Water Splitting’. Chemical Society Reviews 45 (11): 3039–52.

Botero, Maria L., Dongping Chen, Silvia González-Calera, David Jefferson, and Markus Kraft. 2016. ‘HRTEM Evaluation of Soot Particles Produced by the Non-Premixed Combustion of Liquid Fuels’. Carbon 96 (January): 459–73.

Azadi, Pooya, George Brownbridge, Immanuel Kemp, Sebastian Mosbach, John S. Dennis, and Markus Kraft. 2015. ‘Microkinetic Modeling of the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis over Cobalt Catalysts’. ChemCatChem 7 (1): 137–43.


2022 "Intelligent Decarbonisation" is released
2021 Selected as a Turing Fellow by The Alan Turing Institute
2021 Finalist for Falling Walls Science Breakthrough of the Year
2020 Joined the Editorial Board for the scientific journal Energy& AI
2020 Fellow of the Combustion Institute
2019 Received Germany's top research prize, the Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award
2019 Co-authored paper received the Gaydon Award by the British Section of the Combustion Institute